Endometrial cancer is the most common type of uterine cancer. Although the exact cause of endometrial cancer is unknown, increased levels of estrogen appear to play a role. Estrogen helps stimulate the buildup of the lining of the uterus. Studies have shown that high levels of estrogen in animals result in excessive endometrial growth and cancer.
Endometrial cancer is a type of uterine cancer that involves the lining of the uterus (the endometrium). Treatment for endometrial cancer usually includes surgical removal of the uterus, cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes; it may also involve sampling or removal of the surrounding lymph nodes. There are two types of endometrial cancer, which are classified by their relationship to estrogen stimulation.
What is Endometrial Cancer
Cancer of the uterine endometrium, also known as endometrial cancer, is a type of cancer therapy that starts in the inner lining of your uterus. This lining is called the endometrium.According to the National Cancer Institute, endometrial cancer accounts for about six percent of all types of cancers in American women (NCI). It’s also the most common type of uterine cancer.
Endometrial Cancer Symptoms
- Some women with endometrial cancer have no symptoms until the disease has spread to other organs. But endometrial cancer is usually diagnosed by the appearance of symptoms like vaginal bleeding as the cancer begins to grow.
- Abnormal bleeding from the vagina, including bleeding between periods or spotting/bleeding after menopause
Extremely long, heavy, or frequent episodes of vaginal bleeding after age 40Lower abdominal pain or pelvic cramping
Thin white or clear vaginal discharge after menopause
Endometrial Cancer Treatment
- Treatment options involve surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
- Removal of the uterus (hysterectomy) may be done in women with the early stage 1 uterine cancer. Removal of the tubes and ovaries (bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy) is also usually recommended.
- Total robotic or abdominal hysterectomy is recommended over vaginal hysterectomy. A vaginal hysterectomy does not allow the surgeon to look inside the abdominal area or remove tissue for a biopsy.
- Surgery combined with radiation therapy is often used to treat women with stage 1 disease that has a high chance of returning, has spread to the lymph nodes, or is a grade 2 or 3. It is also used to treat women with stage 2 disease.