There are many different types, grades and forms of brain tumours and brain cancer. Find a summary of these areas below together with useful additional references for more information.Brain cancer is a tumour or cancerous growth in the brain. A tumour, whether in your brain or elsewhere, is a mass of cells that reproduce themselves in an uncontrolled way. Tumours can be either benign or malignant.
A brain tumor is a growth of abnormal cells. Brain tumors are typically categorized as primary or secondary. Primary brain tumors originate in the brain and can be benign or malignant. Secondary brain tumors (metastatic) are malignant and more common.
Brain cancer Cause
Brain cancer that originates in the brain is called a primary brain tumour. It can spread and destroy nearby parts of the brain. Cancers of the breast, lung, skin, or blood cells (leukemia or lymphoma) can also spread (metastasize) to the brain, causing metastatic brain cancer therapy. These groups of cancer cells can then grow in a single area or in different parts of the brain.Most astrocytomas and oligodendrogliomas occur when there is damage (a mutation) in genes that control how a cell grows and multiplies. The cells with the gene mutation develop into the tumour, but the abnormality cannot be inherited by the person’s children.
Brain cancer Symptoms
Brain cancer symptoms can vary depending on the tumour’s location and how quickly it grows. For slow-growing tumours, symptoms may develop gradually and may be hardly noticeable. Symptoms may also be similar to other illnesses, such as a migraine.
- Weakness or paralysis in parts of the body
- Difficulty speaking or remembering words
- Changes in the senses – sight, hearing, smell, touch or taste
- Irritability or changes in personality
Brain Cancer Treatment
Treatment for a brain tumor differs depending on several factors: a person’s age, general health, and the size, location, and type of tumor.You and your loved ones will have many questions about brain cancer, the treatment, side effects, and the long-term outlook. Your health care team is the best source of this information. Don’t hesitate to ask.
- The team of doctors includes neurosurgeons (specialists in the brain and nervous system), oncologists, radiation oncologists (doctors who practice radiation therapy), and, of course, your primary health care provider. Your team may also include a dietitian, a social worker, a physical therapist, and, possibly, other specialists.
- The treatment protocols vary widely according to the location of the tumor, its size and type, your age, and any additional medical problems that you may have.
- The most widely used treatments are surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. In most cases, more than one of these is used.