Kidney stones are hard masses that develop in the kidneys stones. They are formed by minerals and acid salts and can vary in size. These stones can occur due to various factors. Most commonly, kidney stones develop when the minerals crystallize and adhere together. This occurs when the urine gets too concentrated. The passage of a kidney stone causes a great deal of pain and discomfort. Pain is first experienced in the lower back or sides of the body.
The pain may then move towards the abdomen and groin area as the stone passes through the urinary tract. Kidney stones do not lead to any permanent complications. Treatment usually involves the administration of pain relievers and an increased intake of water. When the condition is recurrent or severe it can be very serious and should be treated swiftly.
Kidney stones are one of the most common disorders of the urinary tract. They are an ancient health problem. Evidence of kidney stones has been found in an Egyptian mummy estimated to be more than 7,000 years old.At this time, studies suggest kidney stones affect more than 5% of Americans and that the rate has increased since the 1970s.
Symptoms of Kidney Stones
Kidney stones do not produce any symptoms until they pass into the connecting tube between the kidneys and bladder. This tube is called the ureter. When this happens, certain signs and symptoms may develop. These include.
- Pain in the lower back and sides
- Pain that moves to the abdominal area and groin
- Pain while urinating
- Discoloration of the urine
- A constant urge to urinate
Kidney Stone Treatments
- If you plan to travel around Mexico, consult your urologist first before making an itinerary. It is best to schedule sightseeing before the surgery as you will have to regain your health and strength after the operation.
- As hospital recovery may take a few days, it is advisable to bring at least one companion for any assistance or support that you will need. Though your urologist and the nurses will be there to check on you round the clock, you will feel much better when a close relative or friend is there with you.
- Post surgery, make a commitment to follow a diet that is low in sodium and saturated fat. Eating a lot of fruits and vegetables (except those high in calcium oxalate) and drinking plenty of water may also reduce the risk of re-occurrence of kidney stones.